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For other people named Robert Scott, see Robert Scott (disambiguation).

Bobby Scott
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 1993
Preceded byThomas Bliley
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 2nd district
In office
January 12, 1983 – January 3, 1993
Preceded byHerbert Bateman
Succeeded byHenry Maxwell
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 48th district
In office
January 13, 1982 – January 12, 1983
Serving with Ted Morrison & Alan Diamonstein
Preceded byHarvey Morgan
Succeeded byMary A. R. Marshall
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 49th district
In office
January 11, 1978 – January 13, 1982
Preceded byLewis McMurran
Succeeded byVince Callahan
Personal details
BornRobert Cortez Scott
(1947-04-30) April 30, 1947 (age 70)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Political partyDemocratic
EducationHarvard University(BA)
Boston College(JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1970–1973 (Massachusetts National Guard)
1973–1976 (Army Reserve)

Robert Cortez Scott (born April 30, 1947) is the U.S. Representative from Virginia's 3rd congressional district. A Democrat, he represents all of the independent cities of Franklin, Newport News, and Portsmouth, parts of the independent cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Norfolk, and Suffolk, and all of the county of Isle of Wight.[1] Scott is the longest-serving member of Virginia's Congressional delegation, and lives in Newport News.

Early life, education, and law career[edit]

Scott was born in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Newport News, Virginia. He is of African American and Filipino American (maternal grandfather) descent.[2] His father Dr. Charles Waldo Scott (1916–93) was a pioneering African-American surgeon[3] and his mother Mae Hamlin-Scott (1918-2010), a graduate in chemistry from the University of Michigan, was an educator who taught science in the Newport News public schools.[4]

Scott graduated from the Groton School in 1965. He went on to receive his A.B. in government from Harvard College in (1969), and his Juris Doctor from Boston College Law School in 1973. He is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Scott is a former member of the Massachusetts Army National Guard (1970-1973) and Army Reserve (1974-1976).[5] He was a lawyer in private practice from 1973 to 1991.

Virginia legislature[edit]

Scott was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates as a Democrat in 1977 and he was elected to the Senate of Virginia in 1982, after a census-based reapportionment changed district numbers (thus, his nominal predecessors were in fact representatives from Northern Virginia). While in the Virginia legislature, Scott worked to allow the poor and children greater access to health care, as well as to increase the minimum wage, and increase job training. Scott also authored legislation providing tax credits to business that provide donations to serving local communities in preventing crime or improving social service delivery.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

1986

Scott first ran for Congress in 1986 in the 1st district, which included his home in Newport News. He lost to Republican incumbent U.S. Congressman Herb Bateman 56%-44%.[6]

1992

In 1992, the Department of Justice directed the Virginia legislature to draw a black-majority district after the 1990 census. The legislature responded by shifting most of the black residents of Hampton Roads and Richmond into a newly created 3rd District. Scott won a three-way Democratic primary with 67% of the vote,[7] which was tantamount to election in this heavily Democratic district. In the general election, he defeated Republican Dan Jenkins 79%-21%.[8]

1994-2008

During this time period, he won re-election every two years with at least 76% of the vote, except in 2004. That year, he was challenged by Republican Winsome Sears, a former State Delegate. He won with 69% of the vote, the lowest winning percentage of his career. In 1994, Scott won 79.44% of the vote, defeating Republican Thomas E. Ward. In 1996, he won 82.12% of the vote, defeating Republican Eisle G. Holland. in 1998, he won 75.97% of the vote, defeating Independent Robert S. Barnett. He ran unopposed in 2000, 2002, 2006, and 2008.

2010

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2010 § District 3

Scott was challenged by Republican Chuck Smith, a former JAG. Scott defeated him 70%-27%,[9] the second worst performance of his career.

2012

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2012 § District 3

After redistricting, Scott's district was made even more safe. In 2008, President Barack Obama had carried the district with 76% of the vote; he won the new district with 78%.[10] Scott faced Air Force officer Dean Longo.[11] He easily won an 11th term with 81.26% of the vote.

Scott joined President Obama in kicking off his campaign at Virginia Commonwealth University. The focus of the rally was largely on Obama's timeline for leaving the Middle East.[12]

Tenure[edit]

Scott is the first African American Representative from Virginia since Reconstruction. Also, having a maternal grandfather of Filipino ancestry gives Scott the distinction of being the first American of Filipino descent to serve as a voting member of Congress. Scott's congressional district is the only one with a majority black population in Virginia. The district was created in 1992 and has remained the most Democratic district in Virginia.[13]

Scott's annual Labor Day picnic, generally held at his mother's residence in Newport News, is a major campaign stop for statewide and federal candidates in Virginia.

On November 7, 2009, Scott voted for the Affordable Health Care for America Act (HR 3962).

Scott has voted progressively in the House of Representatives. He has supported increases in the minimum wage and has worked to eliminate anti-gay bias in the workplace.[14] In 2010, Scott co-sponsored the "Lee-Scott bill" with Barbara Lee to make it easier on individuals who had been on unemployment for 99 weeks without finding work. In regards to the bill, Lee said that "it is important that we put in place a safety net for those still looking for work. We cannot and will not allow our fellow Americans to fall by the wayside. Congressman Scott and I plan to continue to push for passage of this legislation because it is simply the right thing to do."[15]

Scott was an outspoken opponent of the Bush administration. He opposed the Patriot Act explaining that officials may abuse the power by promoting anti-terrorist security and develop unfair "racial profiling". In 2002 Scott voted nay on the Iraq war resolution and did not support any of the Bush Doctrine in reference to the Iraq war.[13]

[edit]

Scott introduced the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2013 (H.R. 1447; 113th Congress) on April 9, 2013.[16] The bill would require the United States Department of Justice to collect data from U.S. states and territories about the deaths of prisoners in their custody.[17] States and territories would face monetary penalties for noncompliance. The bill would also require federal agencies to report on the deaths of prionsers in their custody.

Committee assignments[edit]

Family[edit]

Rep. Scott hails from a highly educated and socially prominent family. His father, Dr. Charles Waldo Scott, himself the son of a physician, was educated at Howard University (M.Sc.) in Washington, D.C. and then graduated cum laude from the University of Michigan Medical School. He went on to serve as the chief surgeon of two Newport News hospitals in the course of which he was mentor to many young doctors. In the segregated South during a time when African-Americans labored under the iniquitous system of Jim Crow laws, Dr. Scott was a tireless advocate of racial, social and educational equality and in 1952 became the first African-American appointed to the Newport News school board in the 20th century.[18]

His mother Mae, the daughter of a Filipino-American pharmacist and his African-American wife, was born in 1920 and during an era of segregated sports was twice national high-school tennis champion at Palmer Memorial Institute. She was educated at Virginia State College and Fisk University graduating in 1940 with a B.A. in chemistry and biology and proceeded to the University of Michigan and Western Reserve University, where she earned an M.S. in public health education. She went on to teach science in Newport News public high schools for 22 years until retiring in 1981.

His siblings include Jon L. Scott, DDS, an orthodontist, the late Charles Waldo Scott, Jr. (1945-2013), and Valerie S. Price (wife of Newport News Mayor Dr. McKinley L. Price, DDS).

Caucuses[edit]

Possible U.S. Senate appointment[edit]

On July 22, 2016, then-presumptiveDemocratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton announced that she had chosen Tim Kaine, a U.S. Senator from Virginia, as her running mate. Had the Clinton-Kaine ticket won the general election, Kaine would have resigned his Senate seat, and Democratic Governor of VirginiaTerry McAuliffe would have been able to appoint a replacement to serve until a 2017 special election. In August 2016, former Democratic governor Douglas Wilder stated that he would want McAuliffe to appoint Scott to the seat, stating that it "would be good for the commonwealth, good for the Democratic Party, of which Bobby has been most supportive, and great for our nation."[20] On November 8, however, Clinton and Kaine lost the presidency to Donald Trump and Mike Pence, so Kaine remained in his Senate seat and an appointment was not necessary.[21]

Electoral history[edit]

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1986, write-ins received 9 votes.

YearDemocratVotesPctRepublicanVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct
1992Bobby Scott132,43279%Daniel Jenkins35,78021%Write-ins261
1994Bobby Scott108,53279%Thomas E. Ward28,08021%Write-ins8
1996Bobby Scott118,60382%Elsie Goodwyn Holland25,78118%Write-ins34
1998Bobby Scott48,12976%(no candidate)Robert S. BarnettIndependent14,45323%*
2000Bobby Scott137,52798%(no candidate)Write-ins3,2262%
2002Bobby Scott87,52196%(no candidate)Write-ins3,5524%
2004Bobby Scott159,37369%Winsome Sears70,19431%Write-ins325
2006Bobby Scott133,54696%(no candidate)Write-ins5,4484%
2008Bobby Scott230,91197%(no candidate)Write-ins7,3773%
2010Bobby Scott114,65670%Chuck Smith44,48827%James QuigleyLibertarian2,3832%*
2012Bobby Scott259,19981.27%Dean J. Longo58,93118.48%*Write-ins8060.25%
2014Bobby Scott139,19794.43%(no candidate)Write-ins8,2055.57%
2016Bobby Scott208,33766.70%Marty Williams103,28933.07%Write-ins7140.23%

Write-in and minor candidate notes:In 1998, write-ins received 772 votes. In 2010, independent and write-in candidates received 2,210 votes.

Sexual Harassment Allegation[edit]

On December 15, 2017, Marsheri Everson (also known as M. Reese Everson), a former congressional fellow who had worked in Scott's office, alleged that Scott had sexually harassed her in 2013 by making inappropriate comments and touching her on the knee and back on separate occasions.[24] Scott dismissed Everson's accusation as a "false allegation."[24] Everson provided details of her claim at a news conference in Arlington, in which she appeared with attorney Jack Burkman, best known for his involvement in the conspiracy theories surrounding the murder of Seth Rich.[24]

A December 22, 2017 story in the Richmond Free Press questioned Everson's allegations.[25] "Since 2015, Ms. Everson has told at least three different versions of events... In Facebook posts and in comments to the Free Press and other media outlets, scores of people have expressed certainty that Ms. Everson is more a fabricator than a truth teller." Among the details that suggested conflicting accounts by Everson was that on November 19, 2010, the Inspector General's Office for the city of Chicago placed Everson on the city's "do not hire" list indefinitely (a permanent ban) after she was fired from their office.[27] In response, in 2011, Everson sued, accusing her former supervisor of sexual harassment; she dropped the suit after going to work at the U.S. House of Representatives. In October 2013, Everson was dismissed from her fellowship with the House Financial Services Committee. She had begun work for the committee after leaving Scott's office. Before leaving Scott's office, she had a going away party with members of his staff; after leaving, she contacted Scott to thank him for the opportunity. In neither case did she mention inappropriate conduct by Scott. Further detracting from Everson's account of her interactions with Scott was a December 31, 2017 New York Times story that included Burkman in its discussion of politically motivated sexual harassment claims.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"3rd District of Virginia". Congressman Bobby Scott. 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2018-02-09. 
  2. ^Edmund Silvestre (November 8, 2008). "Fil-Am elected to US Congress". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on November 10, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
    Jon Sterngass (January 1, 2009). Filipino Americans. Infobase Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-4381-0711-0. 
  3. ^http://www.scottcenter.org/about/about-dr-charles-waldo-scott
  4. ^"Mae Hamlin Scott, Rep. Scott's mother and Mayor McKinley Price's mother-in-law, dies at age 89". Newport News Daily Press. November 25, 2010. 
  5. ^"Rep. Robert C. Scott (D-Va.)". Roll Call. Economist Group. 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.  
    "Rep. Scott, Huntington Ingalls President to Deliver Addresses at ODU's 121st Commencement Exercises". News @ ODU. Old Dominion University. November 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.  
  6. ^http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=53798
  7. ^http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=317207
  8. ^http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=28441
  9. ^http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=515059
  10. ^https://spreadsheets.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?hl=en&hl=en&key=0At9k6QrlThx6dDVjUmt4RzM4YXZQWVBZSE81dzJ5dVE&output=html
  11. ^"CAMPAIGN 2012: Dean Longo challenges Bobby Scott". CBS6. May 19, 2012. 
  12. ^"Obama kicks off campaign in Richmond". Daily Press. May 5, 2012. 
  13. ^ abThe Almanac of American Politics, National Journal Group, 2009.
  14. ^[1], Project Vote Smart.
  15. ^"Barbara Lee, Bobby Scott Introduce Bill For 99ers". Huffington Post. December 20, 2010. 
  16. ^"H.R. 1447 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  17. ^Kasperowicz, Pete (December 6, 2013). "House bill would require states to report on prisoner deaths". The Hill. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  18. ^KNEMEYER, Nelda (January 11, 1993). "C. Waldo Scott, Civil Rights Pioneer And Physician, Dies". Newport News Daily Press. 
  19. ^"Membership". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved 7 March 2018. 
  20. ^Vozzella, Laura (August 9, 2016). "Douglas Wilder wants Rep. Bobby Scott for Kaine's Senate seat". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  21. ^Flegenheimer, Matt; Barbaro, Michael (November 9, 2016). "Donald Trump Is Elected President in Stunning Repudiation of the Establishment". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2016. 
  22. ^ ab"Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008. 
  23. ^Election resultsArchived June 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Virginia State Board of Elections
  24. ^ abc"Former staffer accuses Virginia Rep. Bobby Scott of sexual harassment, Scott 'absolutely' denies claim". Richmond-Times Dispatch. December 15, 2017. 
  25. ^Lazarus, Jeremy (December 22, 2017). "Questions, doubt about credibility of Rep. Robert C. Scott's accuser". Richmond Free Press. Richmond, VA. 
  26. ^Department of Human Resources (February 1, 2011). "City of Chicago Do Not Hire List". documentcloud.org/. Chicago, IL: City of Chicago. p. 6. 
  27. ^Vogel, Kenneth P. (December 27, 2017). "Partisans, Wielding Money, Begin Seeking to Exploit Harassment". New York Times. New York, NY. 

External links[edit]

Earlier official photo of Scott
Rep. Bobby Scott, D-VA, speaks in opposition to the Synthetic Drug Control Act of 2011 (HR 1254) by arguing that it is excessive in scope, imposes limits on researchers, and bypasses the existing process of banning substances. The legislation passed the next day, December 8, 2011 by 317–98. Video: C-SPAN
Sherrod Brown
United States Senator
from Ohio

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 2007
Serving with Rob Portman
Preceded byMike DeWine
Ranking Member of the Senate Banking Committee

Incumbent

Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Preceded byMike Crapo
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 13th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2007
Preceded byDon Pease
Succeeded byBetty Sutton
47th Secretary of State of Ohio
In office
January 12, 1983 – January 14, 1991
GovernorDick Celeste
Preceded byTony Celebrezze
Succeeded byBob Taft
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 61st district
In office
January 1, 1975 – January 1, 1983
Preceded byJoan Douglass
Succeeded byFrank Sawyer
Personal details
BornSherrod Campbell Brown
(1952-11-09) November 9, 1952 (age 65)
Mansfield, Ohio, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Larke Ummel (Divorced 1987)
Connie Schultz
Children4
EducationYale University(BA)
Ohio State University(MA, MPA)
Signature
WebsiteSenate website

Sherrod Campbell Brown (born November 9, 1952) is an American politician who is the seniorUnited States Senator from Ohio, elected in 2006 as a progressive. A Democrat, he is a former member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 13th congressional district. He previously served as Ohio Secretary of State after serving in the Ohio House of Representatives.

Brown defeated two-term Republican incumbent Mike DeWine in the 2006 Senate election and was re-elected in 2012, defeating state Treasurer Josh Mandel. In the Senate, he was chair of the Agriculture Subcommittee on Hunger, Nutrition and Family Farms and the Banking Subcommittee on Economic Policy, and is also a member of the Committee on Finance, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, and Select Committee on Ethics. Beginning in January 2015 at the start of the 114th Congress, Brown became the Ranking Democratic Member on the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.[1]

Early life, education, and academic career[edit]

Brown was born in Mansfield, Ohio, the son of Emily (née Campbell) and Charles Gailey Brown, M.D.[2] He was named after his maternal grandfather. He became an Eagle Scout in 1967. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Russian studies from Yale University in 1974. At Yale, he lived in Davenport College. While in college, Brown volunteered for liberal politicians such as George McGovern.[3] He went on to receive a Master of Arts degree in education and a Master of Public Administration degree from Ohio State University in Columbus in 1979 and 1981, respectively. He taught at the Mansfield branch campus of Ohio State University from 1979 to 1981.[4] He backpacked in India during the state of emergency imposed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.[5]

Early political career[edit]

During his senior year in college, Brown was recruited by a local Democratic leader to run for Ohio's state house.[3] Brown served as a state representative in Ohio from 1974 to 1982. At the time of his election to the Ohio House, he was the youngest person elected to that body.[6] In 1982, Brown ran for Ohio Secretary of State to succeed Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr. Brown won a four-way Democratic primary that included Dennis Kucinich, then defeated Republican Virgil Brown in the general election. In 1986, Brown won re-election, defeating Vincent C. Campanella. As Secretary of State, Brown focused on voter registration outreach.[3] In 1990, Brown lost re-election in a heated campaign against Republican Bob Taft.[3]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1992, Brown moved from Mansfield to Lorain, Ohio, and won a heavily contested Democratic primary for the open seat for Ohio's 13th district, located in the western and southern suburbs of Cleveland, after eight-term incumbent Don Pease announced his retirement. The Democratic-leaning district gave him an easy win over the little-known Republican Margaret R. Mueller. He was re-elected six times.[7]

Tenure[edit]

The Democrats lost their long-held House majority in the 1994 elections, and Democrats remained in the minority for the remainder of Brown's tenure. As ranking member of the Energy and Commerce Health subcommittee, Brown successfully advocated for increased funding to fight tuberculosis.[3]

In 2001, the Republican-controlled legislature considered redrawing Brown's district. Some top Democrats urged Brown to relocate and take on fellow Democrat James Traficant after he defected when he voted to elect Republican Dennis Hastert as speaker of the U.S. House.[8]

In 2005, Brown led the Democratic effort to block the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA). For many months, Brown worked as whip on the issue, securing Democratic "nay" votes and seeking Republican allies. After several delays, the House of Representatives finally voted on CAFTA after midnight on July 28, 2005, which ended in passage by one vote.[9]

He opposed an amendment to Ohio's constitution that banned same-sex marriage.[10] Brown was also one of the few U.S. Representatives to vote against the Defense of Marriage Act in 1996.[11]

Committee assignments[edit]

Brown was the ranking minority member on the House Energy and Commerce Committee's Health Subcommittee. He also served on the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet and the Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade and Consumer Protection. While serving on the House International Relations Committee, he was also a member of the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific.[12]

U.S. Senate[edit]

Brown was vetted as a potential vice-presidentialrunning mate for Hillary Clinton in 2016. The choice ultimately came down to Brown and Tim Kaine, who was selected as Clinton's running mate.[13] Brown, one of Bernie Sanders' closest allies in the U.S. Senate, endorsed Clinton and campaigned for her prior to the 2016 Democratic primary in Ohio.[14]Washington Monthly suggested that as a potential presidential candidate in 2020, Brown could unite the establishment and progressive wings of the Democratic Party.[15]

A staunch critic of free trade who has taken progressive stances on financial issues, Brown has said that the Democratic Party should place a stronger emphasis on progressive populism.[16]

Political positions[edit]

In 2011, in the National Journal’s annual rankings, Brown tied with eight other members for the title of the most liberal member of Congress.[17]

Foreign policy[edit]

Brown opposed the Iraq War and voted against the Iraq Resolution as a House Representative.[18] He voted against the $87 billion war budgetary supplement. He also voted for redeploying US troops out of Iraq by March 2008.[19]

Brown voted for the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008, which appropriated $250 billion for ongoing military operations and domestic programs.[20]

In 2012, he co-sponsored a resolution to "oppose any policy that would rely on containment as an option in response to the Iranian nuclear threat."[21] In 2015, Brown co-sponsored an amendment to the budget which was unanimously approved by the Senate and would reimpose sanctions on Iran if Iran violated the interim or final agreement that has paused its nuclear activities.[22]

Brown was an original co-sponsor of the Taiwan Relations Act and the Six Assurances in regards to United States-Taiwan relations.[23][24][25][26]

Weeks after the 2014 Hong Kong class boycott campaign and Umbrella Movement broke out which demanded genuine universal suffrage among other goals, Brown (the chair of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China), along with co-chair U.S. Rep. Chris Smith and U.S. Senators Ben Cardin, Marco Rubio, Roger Wicker, Dianne Feinstein, Jeff Merkley and U.S. Representatives Nancy Pelosi, Dan Lipinski and Frank Wolf introduced Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, which would update the United States–Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 and U.S. commitment to democratic development in Hong Kong.[27][28][29][30][31][32]

Terrorism[edit]

He voted in favor of the 2012 NDAA that sparked controversy over indefinite detention of US citizens.[33]

In December 2015, Brown co-sponsored a bill in Congress which would restrict ISIS' financing by authorizing new sanctions on foreign financial institutions that knowingly facilitate financial transactions with ISIS. The bill called for tightening international passport regulations and additional screening of those attempting to enter the U.S. on certain types of visas. The bill would also provide grants to local law enforcement agencies to train for active shooter situations and terrorist attacks and to conduct cyber-training to identify and track extremists such as the couple behind the 2015 San Bernardino attack. He also called for banning those on the no-fly list from purchasing assault weapons.[34][35][36]

Veterans[edit]

In 2014, Brown introduced the Gold Star Fathers Act of 2014 (S. 2323; 113th Congress), a bill that would expand preferred eligibility for federal jobs to the fathers of certain permanently disabled or deceased veterans.[37] Brown said that "when a service member is killed in action or permanently and totally disabled, the government should do its part to be there for grieving parents - no matter if they're fathers or mothers."[38]

In 2015, Brown and U.S. Rep. Tim Ryan introduced legislation that would give military veterans priority in scheduling classes in colleges, universities, and other post-secondary education programs.[39]

Energy and environment[edit]

In 2012, Brown co-sponsored the Responsible Electronics Recycling Act, a bill that would prohibit the export of some electronics for environmental reasons.[40]

Gun rights[edit]

Brown consistently votes in favor of gun control, which has earned him a "F" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA).[41] He has criticized the political influence of gun manufacturers.[42]

Brown called the Republican legislature in Ohio "lunatics" for introducing a concealed carry bill that would allow individuals to carry guns into airplane terminals before security, police buildings, private airplanes, and daycares.[43]

In the wake of the Orlando nightclub shooting, Brown participated in the Chris Murphy gun control filibuster.[44] A few weeks later, Brown voted for the Feinstein Amendment, which would have banned any individual on the terrorist watchlist from buying a gun.[45]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Brown supported Dianne Feinstein's efforts to ban bump stocks.[46]

Banking and finance industry[edit]

In February 2013, conservative commentator George F. Will wrote in support of Brown's proposal to break up consolidated banks and finance industry conglomerates, ending "too big to fail" by restoring the Glass-Steagall Act.[47]

In 2016, after the leak of the Panama Papers, Brown and Elizabeth Warren urged the Treasury Department to investigate whether U.S. individuals were involved in possible tax avoidance and misconduct associated with the Panama-based law firm Mossack Fonseca.[48]

Stimulus spending[edit]

In 2009, Brown voted for the $787 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. He cast the 60th and final vote upon returning to Washington D.C. after his mother's funeral service.[49]

Flint water crisis[edit]

In the wake of the Flint water crisis, Brown introduced legislation that would force the federal government to step in when cities and states fail to warn residents about lead-contaminated drinking water and to give Ohio's school districts money to test it.[50][51][52]

Health care[edit]

In 2007, Brown and Sam Brownback (R-KS) sponsored an amendment to the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007. President George W. Bush signed the bill in September 2007.[citation needed] The amendment established a prize as an incentive for companies to invest in new drugs and vaccines for neglected tropical diseases. It awards a transferable "Priority Review Voucher" to any company that obtains approval for a treatment for a neglected tropical disease. This provision adds to the market based incentives available for the development of new medicines for developing world diseases in the developing world, among them malaria, tuberculosis and African sleeping sickness.[citation needed] The prize had been proposed by Duke University faculty members Henry Grabowski, Jeffrey Moe, and David Ridley in their 2006 Health Affairs paper "Developing Drugs for Developing Countries."[53]

Brown supported the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, voting for it in December 2009,[54] and he voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[55]

LGBT rights[edit]

Brown voted against prohibiting same-sex couples from adopting children in Washington D.C. He received a 100% score from the Human Rights Campaign in 2005-2006, indicating a pro-gay rights stance.[56][57] On December 18, 2010, he voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[58][59]

Education[edit]

In 2015, Brown introduced the Charter School Accountability Act of 2015, which would seek to curb "fraud, abuse, waste, mismanagement and misconduct" in charter schools.[60][61]

Intellectual property[edit]

Brown was a cosponsor of the Protect-IP Act (PIPA).[62]

Trade[edit]

Brown has criticized free trade with China and other countries. In a 2006 Washington Post article, Brown argued against free trade on the grounds that labor activism was responsible for the growth of the U.S. middle class, and that the U.S. economy is harmed by trade relations with countries that lack the kind of labor regulations that have resulted from that activism.[63]

In 2011, the Columbus Dispatch noted that Brown "loves to rail against international trade agreements."[64] Brown's book, Myths of Free Trade, argues that "an unregulated global economy is a threat to all of us."[65] In his book, he recommends adopting measures that would allow for emergency tariffs, protect Buy America laws, including those that give preference to minority and women-owned businesses, and hold foreign producers to American labor and environmental standards.[66] Brown was the co-author and sponsor of a bill that would officially declare China a currency manipulator and require the Department of Commerce to impose countervailing duties on Chinese imports.[67][68]

In May 2016, Brown called for tariffs to be imposed on imports from China and praised Hillary Clinton's plan to enforce rules and trade laws and triple the enforcement budgets at the United States Department of Commerce and the International Trade Commission.[69]

In January 2018, Brown expressed support for President Donald Trump's decision to impose tariffs on washing machine imports.[70]

Employment[edit]

In 2012, Brown wrote a letter to the United States Department of Defense requesting that it comply with a rule requiring members of the military to wear clothes made in the U.S.[71]

In a 2016 CNN interview, Brown criticized Donald Trump for making "a lot of money apparently by outsourcing jobs to China."[69]

Elections[edit]

2006

Main article: Ohio United States Senate election, 2006

In August 2005, Brown announced he would not run for the United States Senate seat held by Republican Mike DeWine.[72] In October, however, Brown reconsidered his decision.[73] His announcement came shortly after Democrat Paul Hackett stated that he would soon announce his candidacy.

On February 13, 2006, Hackett withdrew from the race, all but ensuring that Brown would win the Democratic nomination. In the May 2 primary, Brown won 78.05% of the Democratic vote. His opponent, Merrill Samuel Keiser Jr., received 21.95% of the vote.[74]

In the middle of his Senate campaign in April 2006, Brown, along with John Conyers, brought an action against George W. Bush and others, alleging violations of the Constitution in the passage of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005.[75] The case, Conyers v. Bush, was ultimately dismissed for lack of standing.[76]

On November 7, 2006, Brown faced two-term incumbent senator Mike DeWine in the general election. Brown won the seat with 56% of the vote to DeWine's 44%.[77]

2012

Main article: United States Senate election in Ohio, 2012

Brown stood for reelection in 2012, defeating opponent Josh Mandel, who in 2010 had defeated the incumbent state treasurer by 14 points. Mandel raised $2.3 million in the second quarter of 2011 alone, to Brown's $1.5 million.[78] Early on, Brown enjoyed a steady lead in the polls.[79] Mandel won the March Republican primary with 63% of the vote.[80]

The Washington Post reported that no candidate running for reelection, save Barack Obama, faced more opposition in 2012 by outside groups. As of April 2012, over $5.1 million had been spent on television ads opposing Brown, according to data provided by a Senate Democratic campaign operative. The United States Chamber of Commerce spent $2.7 million. 60 Plus Association, a conservative group that opposes health care reform, spent another $1.4 million. Karl Rove's Crossroads GPS and the Concerned Women for America Legislative Action Committee also spent heavily in the race.[81] In May 2012, Brown campaigned with West Wing actor Martin Sheen.[82]

[edit]

In March 2011, Brown came under scrutiny for a Senate floor speech in which he cited the names of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin while he criticized Republican efforts in Ohio and Wisconsin to mitigate the power of public employee unions to negotiate with taxpayers. In his speech he said "some of the worst governments that we've ever had, do you know one of the first things they did? They went after unions. Hitler didn't want unions, Stalin didn't want unions, Mubarak didn't want independent unions".[83] In his speech, Brown said "I'm not comparing what's happened to the workers in Madison or in Columbus to Hitler and Stalin." He later apologized for his speech.[84][85][86]

Committee assignments (115th Congress)[edit]

  • Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
  • Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs (Ranking Member)
  • Committee on Finance
  • Committee on Veterans' Affairs

Personal life[edit]

Brown's second wife, Connie Schultz, is a former newspaper columnist at the Cleveland Plain Dealer, but resigned because being a politician's spouse presented a conflict of interest.[87] She won a Pulitzer Prize in 2005.[88] She is also the author of Life Happens (2007) and ...and His Lovely Wife (2008), in which she describes her experiences as the spouse of a U.S. Senate candidate.[89] Brown was previously married to Larke Recchie from 1979 to 1987. Brown is the father of four children: two from his marriage to Recchie and two children from his marriage to Schultz. He has five grandchildren.[90]

On May 18, 2014, Brown was awarded an honorary doctor of public service degree from Otterbein University. Along with his wife, Brown delivered a keynote address at the undergraduate commencement.[91]

Books authored[edit]

Brown is the author of two books:

  • Congress from the Inside: Observations from the Majority and the MinorityISBN 0-87338-630-2
  • Myths of Free Trade: Why American Trade Policy Has FailedISBN 1-56584-928-0

Electoral history[edit]

PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticSherrod Brown1,739,60254
RepublicanVirgil Brown1,362,07942
LibertarianMargaret Ann Leech143,9434
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticSherrod Brown (inc.)1,805,83360
RepublicanVincent Campanella1,217,80340
PartyCandidateVotes%
RepublicanBob Taft1,809,41653
DemocraticSherrod Brown (inc.)1,604,05847
PartyCandidateVotes%
DemocraticSherrod Brown583,77678
DemocraticMerrill Samuel Keiser, Jr.163,62822
Brown's signature on an official document from his office as Secretary of State of Ohio, 1990.
Official photo of Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH) 2009
Brown speaks at the kickoff breakfast for Lorain International Festival
Brown talks about Making America Competitive Again and Restoring U.S. Innovation Leadership
Sherrod Brown at a campaign rally